Mes: diciembre 2012

Kingdom of Kongo, 1740s


And this is how you spread Christianity and imperialism across the continent of Africa.

Catholic Priest Burning Idol House, Sogno, Kingdom of Kongo, 1740s 

Capuchin missionary putting torch to “fetish house”; some villagers are observing, others are fleeing. Some of the objects used by an magician  African religious leader/doctor, e.g., snakes, goat heads, claws, are shown in foreground. “Catholic priests,” writes James Sweet, “had little tolerance for African rituals and practices. Across Central Africa, priests burned ‘idol houses’ and ‘fetish objects’ in grand public displays meant to demonstrate the impotence of African spirits and religious leaders” (Recreating Africa [University of North Carolina Press, 2003], p. 110).

This source in Italian is a modern printing of a 1747 manuscript (located in the Biblioteca Civica of Turin) which describes Capuchin expeditions to the Kingdom of Kongo. The watercolor paintings record moments in the daily lives of missionaries Bernardino Ignazio and Gaspare da Bassano, who were resident in Sogno from 1743-1747.

(via  The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in America)

El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail


El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail

El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, the “Royal Road of the Interior,” is the earliest Euro-American trade route in the United States. Linking Spain’s colonial capital at Mexico City to its northern frontier in distant New Mexico, the route spans three centuries, two countries, and 1,600 miles. It was part of Spain’s Camino Real Intercontinental—a global network of roads and maritime routes.

In the United States, the trail stretched from the El Paso area in Texas, through Las Cruces, Socorro, Belen, Albuquerque, and Santa Fe to Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), the first Spanish capital in New Mexico. In Mexico, the historic road runs through Chihuahua, Durango, Zacatecas, San Luis Potosí, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, and Querétaro to Mexico City.

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